Tunisia has a wide variety of historical settlements, Punic, Roman, Byzantine and Islamic, many of which are in excellent condition.

Legend tells how princess Dido founded the city of Carthage in 814BC. The Carthaginians grew in power until they became major rivals with the Romans for dominance of the Mediterranean.

Led by Hannibal, the Carthaginians finally lost the last Punic war defeated by the Roman army that conquered Carthage in 146BC. They razed and ploughed it into the ground. Later they rebuilt the city, making it their provincial capital of North Africa.



         
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     Kairouan is the fourth most holy city in the Islamic world – after Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem.

According to legend, seven visits to Kairouan equal one to Mecca. The courtyard in front of its Great Mosque (which can be visited by non-Muslims) is said to be able to hold 200,000 pilgrims on holy days.

In the following centuries, five Arab and Ottoman dynasties enriched the Islamic heritage of Tunisia until it became a French protectorate in 1880. Tunisia gained its independence in 1956.
     After 700 years of rule, Roman influence was replaced by that of the Vandals and later the Byzantines.

In 670AD, Muslims invading the Byzantine kingdom founded the city of Kairouan, which became the Arab capital of Tunisia as well as its political and religious center.

     Historical sites to visit

     
Tunisia has the vastest Roman vestiges collection of the world:

The Aqueduct that extends from Zaghouan to Carthage.


The El Djem “colosseum” which outer walls are 120ft high and could receive 30,000 people making it the second-largest in the world only to Rome’s.


     The ancient town of Dougga, the Numide royal city romanized but that kept its old urban structure and its theatre, that resounds again when Greek-based classical plays and other performances are staged.


Bulla Regia a site with at least 23 special features from the Roman, early-Christian and Byzantine periods and that still has vivid mosaics of wild animals and the chase, and recognizable remnants of a dining room, kitchen and bedrooms,

     Sbeitla, one of the country’s largest archaeological sites which numerous attractions include Roman temples and baths, early-Christian churches and Byzantine fortresses;


Thuburbo Majus with its sumptuous mosaics, its thermal baths, its underground villas and its systems, astonishing of ingeniosity, of ventilation and air conditioning

Chemtou, Utica and Oudhna are other archeological sites that provides Tunisia with a great legacy.
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PromoTunisia specializes in guided holidays around cultural themes such as music, festivals, cuisine, arts & traditions to provide our travelers with a Tunisian people experience.
A 3,000 years history provides Tunisia with an exceptionally rich legacy.
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